Monday, March 25, 2013

O.P.V.L.

Historical Analysis in the IB can be scary!

Just remember OPVL!




"When considering OPVL for your sources of evidence, think about what type of source you are evaluating. A WWII-era fork and spoon are very different than a letter written home by a WWII soldier. Both sources are valid but you'll have to consider different questions for OPVL."
~Mr. Hyer 




Origin


– In one or two sentences state the origins of the source.
  • What type of document is it?
 






    • When and where was it produced?
     






      • Who produced it?
      Example Sentence:
       
      Template:
       
      This origin of this source is a _____________ that was written by ____________in ____________in___________.  Its purpose was to _______________ so _____________. A value of this is that it __________________. However, a limitation of the source is that it ___________________.
       
      Filled in template:
       
      The origin of the source is a letter that was written by Thomas Jefferson in 1787 in Virginia. Its purpose was to convince George Washington to veto the National Treasury so there would be no central bank. A value of this document is that it shows how the anti-Federalists were feeling about Alexander Hamilton's idea for a National Treasury. However, a limitation of the source is that it only shows Thomas Jeffereson's perspective and not the view of the other side.






      Purpose


      – In one or two sentences state the purpose of the source.
       
      The purpose of the source…

       

      • Who was the intended audience?





         

      • For what purposes was it written?
      Key Words to possibly use here:
       
      Persuade
      Inform
      Debate
      Convince
      Detail
      Outline
      Communicate
      Describe
      Entice
      Sell
      Rally
       
       
       
       





      Value


      – In one or two well-written paragraph(s) explain the value of the document for






      historians. Provide and explain specific evidence from the document to support your

      answers. A minimum of two values must be proven.
      With reference to the origin and purpose, what is the value of the document for
      historians studying this event?





       
      Example:
      This document is valuable because it was written ______________________ and the author was ____________________.  This shows that ____________________.
       
       

      Key Words to possibly use here:
      Bias
      Propaganda
      Written at the time of the events
      Historical Perspective
      Advertisement
      Campaign
      Letter
      Memoir
      Private Writing
      Public Writing
       
      Limitations


      – In one or two well-written paragraph(s) explain the limitations of the






      document. Remember to make specific references to the document in your response.

      A minimum of two limitations must be proven.


      With reference to the origin and purpose, what are the limitations of the
      document for historians studying this event?

      Because this document was written by _______________ in ________________, it has a limitation of ___________________.






      Key Words to possibly use here:
      Bias
      Propaganda
      Written at the time of the events
      Historical Perspective
      Advertisement
      Campaign
      Letter
      Memoir
      Private Writing
      Public Writing

       Helpful links:
      OPVL Definitions
      OPVL List of Types of Sources with Vs and Ls
      OPVL with Grading Rubric



      15 comments:


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        The Origin of this source is a blog entry written by Ms. Lynch on 25th March 2013.

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        A limitation of this source is that it is not current, the blog entry is slightly old. Another limitation is that some people who have commented here have no sense of what's going on and like to simply thrash bad words onto the wonderful blog.

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